People with anxiety disorders often have troubles with everyday activities. There are medicines, which might help. Some of them, for example, benzodiazepines, can lead to addiction and are allowed to be taken just for a short time. Others are safe and provoke to no risks of addiction. Before starting treatment, it’s necessary to consult a specialist to determine particular medicine you require, according to a kind of disorder you have.
Common medicines for anxiety are SSRIs and SNRIs, which are Selective serotonin reuptake and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors respectively. The first group is appropriate for obsessive-compulsive type of disorder, while the second one is effective in cases of generalized ones. Medications of such type will usually work after about 5 weeks of taking. There might be side effects, for instance, weight gaining, insomnia and sexual dysfunctions for SSRIs. SNRIs may provoke sexual dysfunctions, stomach upset and headache. Withdrawal might be prescribed in case of too quick discontinuation of medication.
It’s a light tranquilizer, which is able to cease anxiety by means of serotonin increase and dopamine decrease. A person will usually feel a relief for symptoms after a couple of weeks of taking. Benzodiazepines usually take less than an hour to act. But buspirone is allowed to use for more than several weeks. It is prescribed to patients with generalized disorders. Among the by-effects, there might be nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, dry mouth, headache, constipations, stomach disorders and drowsiness.
Beta Blockers’re effective as one more medicine for anxiety disorders, which leads to no addiction. They are able to treat physical symptoms, like fast heart rate. The medications of this type are appropriate for patients having social phobias, for whom physical symptoms become a great problem. The emotional ones cannot be treated by beta blockers. They’re prescribed off-label. Propranolol and atenolol are considered generic versions of beta blockers often prescribed for anxiety. Possible by-effects are nausea, insomnia, and slow pulse.